"El Triomf I el Rodoli de la Gala I en Dali" by Salvador Dali
The Myth of the Triumph of Gala and Dali
Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was one of the most important artists of the 20th century, perhaps best known for his surrealist works. Born in the Catalan town of Figueres, Spain, as a young man he studied at the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid. Following his first solo show in 1925 in Barcelona, Dali later achieved international recognition in Europe, the United States and Japan. After residing in the United States from 1940-1948, Dali returned to Europe and resettled in Spain. Dali died of heart failure at the age of 84 in his hometown of Figueres.
In 1961 he created one of his most interesting works –"El Triomf I el Rodoli de la Gala I en Dali"
The work – entitled "The Triumph and Couplet of Gala and Dali" – was completed in a matter of days. Dali's drawings were done in India ink on a single sheet of paper and, according to the poet, completed all in one night. The work is composed of 43 pairs of drawings and verses. In the margins of the sheet are three drawings without verse. The work is a summary of the Dali myth, including his special little men and well-known obsessions The main themes in the work include the flowing clock, swans, ants, the crown and more.
Behind each one of the 43 motifs lays a story and picture from Salvador Dali's life. The work reflects his dreams, memories, fantasies, people who influenced his life and work (his friend, the artist Pablo Picasso, the Spanish artist Gaudi, his wife and love of his life Gala and more).
This very unique work was very dear to Dali, and he asked that it be hung at the entrance of the official Salvador Dali museum in his hometown of Figueres, Spain.
It was made as part of the celebration in tribute to him in his own town at Figueres, in Spain.
The work consists of 43 separate items, built on a unique Catalonian-Spanish structure , combined together to form a single work.
The Artwork: Type of art (mainly Catalonian), which usually includes 48 illustrations connected with a certain subject with each being accompanied by 2 lines that rhyme harmoniously. Ultimately, in practical terms, things are more flexible, and one can find texts built from 3 or 4 lines that rhyme differently. The text is usually placed off the illustration and below it. This type of art comes from the development of illustrations of the OCA game, which was commonly played in the 17th century, until it took on its own intrinsic artistic value, totally unrelated to the game.
Dali was a dreamer but also a commercial genius, and after creating this series of mythical pictograms, he not only displayed and sold 43 signed copies during the festival there, but also gave Fages the right to commercial exploitation of the work . The edition for the general public was available for sale on the day of the tribute; later, a special edition was produced with 43 copies signed by the artist and poet, as well as five printer's proofs.
Dali held Fages in high regard, as can be seen by the artist's letter to him some days after the tribute: "Confirming the authorization that I gave you verbally, you may exploit my original drawings in "The Triumph and Couplet of Gala and Dali" in any form or application, editorially or in industry, at your own risk and on your own account. I hope you know how to do this, and send you warm regards." (letter dated September 28, 1961, property of Eduard Fornes).
Since 1974, 13 years after the building's inauguration, the work can be found at the door to the patio of the Theater-Museum in Figueres.
The triumph and rhyming of Gala and Dalí
Salvador Dali letter to Carles Fages de Climent
Dear friend: confirming the authorization that I gave you by word, you can exploit my original drawings reproduced in the strip cartoon "Griuph and the Gala- Dali couplet" and enjoy the editorial and industrial returns in all forms and applications, for your own risk and account.
I hope you will do well with it.
Chain of title and legal owner of the rights to date –
El triomf I el Rodoli de la Gala I en Dali " by Salvador Dali
The Artist created his work in 1961 and gave his friend Mr. Carles Fages de Climent Sr. the rights verbally and in writing, to commercially exploit the work either as a whole work or as individual paintings.
"…you can exploit my original drawings reproduced in the strip cartoon 'Triumph and the Gala-Dali couplet' and enjoy the editorial and industrial returns in all forms and applications, for your own risk and account."
The notarised copy of the original letter with Artist signature is attached hereto as exhibit 2, (hereinafter referred to as "the letter").
Mr. Carles Fages de Climent Sr. passed away in 1968 and left a notarized testament dated 27.9.1968, according to which his successor in title is his relative (probably his son) Mr. Marc-Enric Fages Mir Jr, who inherited all the above rights concerning the ARTWORK.
In Nov. 19, 1991 Mr. Fages Jr transferred most of his rights in the ARTWORK to the company Distribucions D'art Surrealista' S.A) (DAS) Reg. No A-17-064320, whose main shareholder was Mr. Eduardo Fornes i Gili. According to a written & notarized contract in Spanish dated 3.2.1997 , the transferred rights were, to exploit only the individual paintings of ARTWORK. Mr. Fages Jr kept the only right to exploit the whole work - meaning the typographical rights in the original form of the ARTWORK.
In Feb. 3, 1997 Company DAS has transferred its rights in the ARTWORK to Mr. Carlos Oliveras Estragues for Spain only .The right of exploitation was limited geographically to Spain only (section 3 of the facts entitled "Ambit dela cession").
Between Feb 3, 1997 and Sep. 22 1997, company DAS has transferred all her rights in ARTWORK for the rest of the world to a company by the name of Editorial Mediterrania S.L. controlled by Mr. Eduardo Fornes i Gili.
He transferred the rights in the ARTWORK to Editorial Mediterrania S.L. He further stated that, since he was the main shareholder in both companies (DAS & Editorial Mediterrania) no formal document was ever signed. (2) In the contract dated Sep. 22 1997 between company DAS and the Foundation , the Foundation declares that it has the knowledge of and accepts that company DAS no longer has any rights on the ARTWORK.
On April 1, 2003 Editorial Mediterrania S.L. transferred all its rights to Mr. Dragan Matic .
On Feb. 2, 2006 Mr. Dragan Matic transferred in writing his rights to a company by the name of V.S. Marketing Ltd .
As of Feb. 2, 2006 the rights to the ARTWORK are held by V.S. Marketing Ltd.