"The Triumph and Couplet of Gala and Dali"
"El Triomf I el Rodoli de la Gala I en Dali" by Salvador Dali
The Myth of the Triumph of Gala and Dali
Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was one of the most important artists of the 20th century, perhaps best known for his surrealist works. Born in the Catalan town of Figueres, Spain, as a young man he studied at the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid. Following his first solo show in 1925 in Barcelona, Dali later achieved international recognition in Europe, the United States and Japan. After residing in the United States from 1940-1948, Dali returned to Europe and resettled in Spain. Dali died of heart failure at the age of 84 in his hometown of Figueres.
In 1961 he created one of his most interesting works –"El Triomf I el Rodoli de la Gala I en Dali"
The work – entitled "The Triumph and Couplet of Gala and Dali" – was completed in a matter of days. Dali's drawings were done in India ink on a single sheet of paper and, according to the poet, completed all in one night. The work is composed of 43 pairs of drawings and verses. In the margins of the sheet are three drawings without verse. The work is a summary of the Dali myth, including his special little men and well-known obsessions The main themes in the work include the flowing clock, swans, ants, the crown and more.
Behind each one of the 43 motifs lays a story and picture from Salvador Dali's life. The work reflects his dreams, memories, fantasies, people who influenced his life and work (his friend, the artist Pablo Picasso, the Spanish artist Gaudi, his wife and love of his life Gala and more).
This very unique work was very dear to Dali, and he asked that it be hung at the entrance of the official Salvador Dali museum in his hometown of Figueres, Spain.
It was made as part of the celebration in tribute to him in his own town at Figueres, in Spain.
The work consists of 43 separate items, built on a unique Catalonian-Spanish structure , combined together to form a single work.
The Artwork: Type of art (mainly Catalonian), which usually includes 48 illustrations connected with a certain subject with each being accompanied by 2 lines that rhyme harmoniously. Ultimately, in practical terms, things are more flexible, and one can find texts built from 3 or 4 lines that rhyme differently. The text is usually placed off the illustration and below it. This type of art comes from the development of illustrations of the OCA game, which was commonly played in the 17th century, until it took on its own intrinsic artistic value, totally unrelated to the game.
Dali was a dreamer but also a commercial genius, and after creating this series of mythical pictograms, he not only displayed and sold 43 signed copies during the festival there, but also gave Fages the right to commercial exploitation of the work . The edition for the general public was available for sale on the day of the tribute; later, a special edition was produced with 43 copies signed by the artist and poet, as well as five printer's proofs.
Dali held Fages in high regard, as can be seen by the artist's letter to him some days after the tribute: "Confirming the authorization that I gave you verbally, you may exploit my original drawings in "The Triumph and Couplet of Gala and Dali" in any form or application, editorially or in industry, at your own risk and on your own account. I hope you know how to do this, and send you warm regards." (letter dated September 28, 1961, property of Eduard Fornes).
Since 1974, 13 years after the building's inauguration, the work can be found at the door to the patio of the Theater-Museum in Figueres.